Diabetes is a defect in the body’s ability to convert glucose (sugar) into energy. When food fat, protein or carbohydrate is digested. Foods that affect blood sugar are called carbohydrates. Carbohydrates, when digested, are converted into sugar. Examples of some carbohydrates: bread, rice, pasta, potatoes, corn, fruits and dairy products. People with diabetes should eat carbohydrates but must do so in moderation. Glucose is then transferred into the blood and is used by cells for energy. To move sugar from the blood into the cells, hormones – insulin is required. Insulin is produced by beta cells in the pancreas (the organ that produces insulin). Diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin – Type 1 or insulin for developing diabetes corrupt and can not move sugar into cells – type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is sometimes called, the immune system of juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent diabetes. It is caused by an autoimmune reaction in which the body’s defense system attacks the insulin-producing cellsPeople method of diabetes need injections of insulin every day to control their levels of blood sugar. If people with type 1 diabetes do not have access to insulin, they die.
Type 2 diabetes is sometimes called non-insulin-dependent diabetes or adult onset diabetes, and represents at least 90% of all cases of diabetes. Characterized by insulin resistance and relative deficiency of insulin, one of them was present at the time clinically manifest diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can remain undetected for many years, and the diagnosis is often made from associated complications or for that matter passing through the blood or urine glucose test is abnormal. It is often, but not always, associated with obesity, which in itself may cause insulin resistance and bring levels of blood sugar.
Gestational diabetes (GDM)
Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a form of diabetes that include high levels of blood sugar during pregnancy. Which of the 25 pregnancies worldwide and is associated with complications in the period immediately before and after birth. GDM usually disappears after pregnancy, but women with GDM and their children are more at risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
For diabetics, the best type of diet is a low fat with complex carbohydrate diet. Simple carbohydrates are not good for diabetics. Complex carbohydrates more efficient energy source for diabetics. These include whole wheat or whole grain bread, whole wheat pasta, brown rice, beans, oats and most vegetables and fruits
Fiber is an important part of many diabetic diet. It is found only in vegetables, fruits, grains, nuts, beans and peas. Other sources are whole grain bread and brown rice. Dried beans, oat bran, barley, apples, citrus and potatoes all have a great advantage for middle and healthy cholesterol levels.
Patients with type 1 diabetes should have a diet that is about 35 calories per kg of body weight per day (or 16 calories per pound of body weight per day). Patients with type 2 diabetes undergoing general from 1500 to 1800 calorie diet per day to promote weight loss type and then maintain your ideal body weight.